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畅通技术技能人才成长通道
无锡职院将落实“1+X”证书制度作为新时代人才培养改革核心工作
[浏览次数:471    最后修改时间:2020-07-03]

《guojiazhiyejiaoyugaigeshishifangan》jiubanhaoxinshidaizhiyejiaoyutichu7gefangmian20xiangzhengcejucuo,zheishituijinjiaoyuqiangguoherencaiqiangguojianshedezhongdabushu,shizhiyejiaoyuyinglaixindefazhanjiyu。anzhao《fangan》yaoqiu,cong2019niankaishi,zaizhiyeyuanxiao、yingyongxingbenkegaoxiaoqidong“xuelizhengshu+ruoganzhiyejinengdengjizhengshu”zhidu(“1+x”zhengshuzhidu)shidiangongzuo。wuxizhiyejishuxueyuanjiangluoshi“1+x”zhengshuzhiduzuoweixinshidairencaipeiyanggaigedehexingongzuo,cong4gefangmianjinxingleshidiantansuo。

设立机构先行研究

“1+x”zhengshuzhidushigaigerencaipeiyangmoshi、tuchuzhiyejinengshuiping、tixianzhiyejiaoyuleixingshuxingdezhongdachuangxin,duiyugaozhiyuanxiaotuijin“sanjiao”(jiaoshi、jiaocai、jiaofa)gaige,youhuazhuanye、kechengshezhihejiaoxueneirong,tigaojiaoyujiaoxuezhilianghexueshengzhiyejinengshuiping,peiyangdapijingjishehuifazhanjixudegaosuzhijishujinengrencai,bingwei“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiazhiyejiaoyufazhantigongzhongguofangan,juyouzhongyaoyiyi。

luoshi“1+x”zhengshuzhidu,guanjianzaiyumingque“x”zhengshubiaozhundeneihanheshuzhengrongtongdefangfa,jiakuaifengfuzhuanyejiaoxuebiaozhundengzhilianghexinyaosu,zheijiuxuyaoshidianyuanxiaolvxianyanjiu。wuxizhiyuanzhuanmenchenglizhiyezigezhengshuyanjiuzhongxin,weiraozhuanyejiaoxuebiaozhun、shuangshibiaozhun、kechengbiaozhun、dinggangshixibiaozhun、shixuntiaojianjianshebiaozhun(yiqishebeipeibeiguifan)hezhiyebiaozhun、jinengdengjizhengshubiaozhundengxianxingkaizhanzhengceyanjiuyuzuzhishishi,bingfuzexitongzhidaogezhuanyekaizhan“1+x”zhengshuzhidushidiangongzuoyijigaozhijiaoyu“zouchuqu”fuwu“yidaiyilu”jianshe。

tongshi,xuexiaohaichengliyouxiangguanshidianyuanxizhuanyeguganjiaoshi、jiaowuchujiaoyanrenyuancanjiadeshuzhengrongtongyanjiugongzuozu,zheliyanjiuxiaoneixuesheng、xiaowaixueyuanxuexichengguoderending、jileihezhuanhuandengshuzhengrongtongfangfa,yijiyuguojia“xuefenyinxing”xinxixitongdexianjie、xiyinxingyeqiyeshenducanyujishujinengrencaipeiyangpeixundelujing,tuidong“1+x”shuzhengrongtongzhuanyerencaipeiyangfanganyouhuayugaigeluodi。

建设试点相关配套制度

kaizhan“1+x”zhengshuzhidushidianshizhiyejiaoyugaigedeyidaliangdian,yeshizhiyejiaoyutigaorencaipeiyangzhiliangdezhongyaochuangju。chulezhengfuduishidianyuanxiaojiyuzhengce、zijinhexiangmudengfangmiandezhichiwai,yuanxiaoneibuyeyingtiqianyanjiujianliyouguanzhidu,quebaoshidiangongzuoshunlituijin。

zhuanyejiqunjiansheshejiduogebumenjibumenneiduogehuanjie,wuxizhiyuancongshijichufa,shouxianshulineibuzuzhijigouzhineng,anzhaoshidianfanganyaoqiushejixiangyingpeitaozhidutixi,jiangxuexiaoguanrenzhiduyuguanshiliuchengpipei,bingjiehexinxihuashouduantigaozuzhitixideyunxingxiaolv,baozhengshidiangongzuozaixiaoneiwenbuyouxukaizhan。tongshi,jiehegaoshuipingxuexiaojiansheyashizeren,jinyibuwanshan“shuangzhutiliangrongheduoqudao”rencaipeiyangmoshi,shishijiyuzhinengzhizaotese“sanjin”(jinzhongzi、jinkecheng、jinketang)de“sanjiao”gaige,buduantishengzhiyejiaoyuxiandaihuashuiping,weiquyujingjigaozhiliangfazhanpeiyangpeixungengduogaosuzhijishujinengxingrencai。

深化校企合作产教融合

qiyecanyurencaipeiyang,shituidonggaozhiyuanxiaojiaoyujiaoxuegaigeyuchanyezhuanxingshengjixianjiepeitao、tishengjishujinengrencaipeiyangzhiliangdezhongyaotujing。

“1+X”证书制度试点工作的首要任务,就是要深化校企合作、产教融合,加强试点院校与用人单位、培训评价组织的紧密合作。这是解决高职教育的专业、教材、课程建设与区域经济社会发展不紧密、不同步,企业、社会力量参与职业教育积极不高,复合型技术技能人才培养模式和评价模式改革动力不足,技术技能人才成长通道不畅等问题的重要抓手。

zaishenhuaxiaoqihezuo、chanjiaoronghezhong,wuxizhiyuanyituoxianyoudezhinengzhizaogongchengzhongxinheguojiafagaiweipizhunzaijiandechanjiaoronghefazhangongcheng,yigaoshuipingzhuanyejiqunjiansheweiyinling,xitonggoujianxiaoqiquanfangweishenduhezuoxinshengtai,jingenzhinengzhizaodengxianjinzhizaoyegaoxinjishufazhanqushi;duijiexiangguanpeixunpingjiazuzhi,kaizhanduofangshi、duoxingtaihezuo,kaifabentuhua、biaozhunhuapeixunfangan,baozhengpeixunzhilianghexueshengnenglishuiping;duijiexingyelongtouqiyegongjianchanyexueyuanheshixunzhongxin,tishengchanjiaoxietongfazhan、xiaoqigongtongyurenshuiping,guihuajianshe6dachanyexueyuan、8gezhinengzhizaoshixunzhongxin,weishishi“1+x”zhengshuzhidushidiantigongshixuntiaojianbaozhang。

muqian,xuexiaoyiyushinaidedianqi(zhongguo)youxiangongsigongjianshinaidegongyeruanjianxueyuan,yushanghaishijidinglijiaoyukejiyouxiangongsigongjiandinglirengongzhinengyanjiuyuan,yubeijingxindalushidaijiaoyukejiyouxiangongsigongjianxindaluchanyexueyuan。

加强与培训评价组织合作

shidianyuanxiaoyupeixunpingjiazuzhijinmihezuo,xianghudachenggongshi、xingchenggongying,shituijin“1+x”zhengshuzhidushidiangongzuodezhongyaohuanjie。

shidianyuanxiaoduiyifabude6gezhiyejinengdengjizhengshujibiaozhunneihan,jinxingshehuirenkedu、yubenxiaoxiangguanzhuanyederonghexing、yinrudekexingxingdengfangmiandelunzhenghou,yusuoxuanpeixunpingjiazuzhimingxigefangzhize,xiediaogefangliyi,gongtongnidingpeixunyukaohejihuajixiangguanwenbenziliao,kaizhanxunlianzhuangbeidejishuyanzheng,cedingxunlianzhuangbeidebiaozhunliangzhi,baozhengxunlianzhuangbeidexianjinxing、kekaoxing、anquanxinghelvsedihao,jiyouliyuxuexiao“yuxun”bingju,mianxiangzaixiaoxueshengheshehuichengyuankaizhanxuelijiaoyuyuzhiyepeixun,yeyouliyubenxiaoxueshengzaicanjiaxiangyingdezhiyejinengdengjizhengshukaoshishi,yupeixunpingjiazuzhishangdingjiangxiangguanzhongdiekechengjirukemianshibufen,weijishujinengrencaichixuchengzhangtuokuantongdao。

wuxizhiyuanyizhongguotesegaoshuipinggaozhixuexiaojiansheweiqiji,jujiaolingjunquanguodezhinengzhizaotesexiaojianshemubiao,guihuaquanxiao10gezuoyouzhinengzhizaolingyuzhongdianzhuanyecanyuzhiyejinengdengjizhengshushidian,zailvxianjinxing“1”he“x”youjixianjiedezhuanyekechengtixibiaozhun、peixunkechengjiaoxuebiaozhun、peixunjiaoshifenjibiaozhun、peixunjiaocaibiaozhun、ziyuanjianshebiaozhunyanjiudejichushang,duijiexiangyingpeixunpingjiazuzhikaizhanduoxingshijinmihezuo。muqianruanjianjishuzhuanye、qichejianceyuweixiuzhuanyefenbiexianxingcanjiale“webqianduankaifa”he“qicheyunyongyuweixiu”zhiyejinengdengjizhengshushidiangongzuo,yizai2019jizhuanyerencaipeiyangfanganxiudingzhong,goujianlejiyu“1+x”zhengshuzhidudekechengtixi,jingzhunfuwuquyujingjizhuanxingfazhan,peiyangzhinengzhizaodenglingyujinquefuhexingjishujinengrencai。

qizhong,ruanjianjishuyifuwuzhinengzhizaozongheyingyongweizhuxian,xuexiaoyinjindongruanruanjiangufenyouxiangongsibaohanwebqianduankaifachujirenzhengjiaoxueziyuandexunishixunshipingtaihou,yudongruangongsihezuokaifalezhongjijiaoxueziyuan,bingyinrutikuyukaohepingtai,bianyuxueshengjinxingkaoqianmonilianxiyushicao。qichejianceyuweixiuzeyituozhongdezhiyejiaoyuqichejidianhezuoxiangmuhedaimulezhuxingjiaoyuxiangmu,goujianlexuelijiaoyu(hanqicheyunyongyuweixiuzhiyejinengdengjizhengshubiaozhunzhongde5gemokuaikecheng)+zhengshupeixun(lingwai6gemokuaizhuanmenpeixunkecheng)dejiegouhua、mokuaihuashuzhengrongtongkechengtixi。

tongguo“1+x”zhengshuzhidushidian,xingchengzhidetuiguang、keyifuzhideshuzhengrongtongwuxizhiyuanfangan,weizhongguozhiyejiaoyufazhanzuochugongxian,rangzhongguozhiyejiaoyuzouxiangshijie。

作者:龚方红   作者系江苏省无锡职业技术学院院长   信息来源:中国教育报   发布时间:2020-6-30